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Need a down care cleaner to keep your down gear…. Showing 1 - 20 of 27 articles Sort by: It is the largest metropolis in Nepal, with a population of 1.
Kathmandu is also the largest metropolis in the Himalayan hill region. Nepali is the most spoken language in the city, while English is understood by the city's educated residents.
The city stands at an elevation of approximately 1, metres 4, feet above sea level in the bowl-shaped Kathmandu Valley of central Nepal.
The valley is historically termed as "Nepal Mandala" and has been the home of Newar culture , a cosmopolitan urban civilisation in the Himalayan foothills.
The city was the royal capital of the Kingdom of Nepal and hosts palaces, mansions and gardens of the Nepalese aristocracy.
Today, it is the seat of government of the Nepalese republic established in ; and is part of the Province No. Kathmandu is and has been for many years the centre of Nepal's history , art , culture and economy.
It has a multiethnic population within a Hindu and Buddhist majority. It is also the home of the Newars. Religious and cultural festivities form a major part of the lives of people residing in Kathmandu.
Tourism is an important part of the economy; in , Kathmandu was ranked third among the top ten upcoming travel destinations in the world by TripAdvisor , and ranked first in Asia.
The city is the gateway to the Nepalese Himalayas, and home to seven world heritage sites: There are also seven casinos in the city.
Its clubs have sourced scams, however, including a incident where club operators were arrested  after overselling tickets to a planned Marshmello show.
Historic areas of Kathmandu were devastated by a 7. Kathmandu is not the native name used by the indigenous Newar people of the valley. Yei is the classical Nepalese name for it.
This public pavilion, also known as Maru Satta: The three-story structure was made entirely of wood and used no iron nails nor supports.
According to legend, all the timber used to build the pagoda was obtained from a single tree. Thus, giving it a meaning as "City of light".
Archaeological excavations in parts of Kathmandu have found evidence of ancient civilisations. The oldest of these findings is a statue, found in Maligaon , that was dated at AD.
Archaeologists believe it is two thousand years old. In , they passed through Nepal on their way from Tibet to India , and reported that they reached "Cadmendu", the capital of Nepal kingdom.
The ancient history of Kathmandu is described in its traditional myths and legends. According to Swayambhu Purana , present-day Kathmandu was once a huge and deep lake named "Nagdaha", as it was full of snakes.
The lake was cut drained by Bodhisatwa Manjusri with his sword, and the water was evacuated out from there. He then established a city called Manjupattan, and made Dharmakar the ruler of the valley land.
After some time, a demon named Banasur closed the outlet, and the valley again turned into a lake. Then lord Krishna came to Nepal , killed Banasur, and again drained out the water.
He brought some Gopals along with him and made Bhuktaman the king of Nepal. Kotirudra Samhita of Shiva Purana , Chapter 11, shloka 18 refers to the place as Nayapala city, which was famous for its Pashupati Shivalinga.
The name Nepal probably originates from this city Nayapala. Very few historical record exists of the period before medieval Licchavis rulers.
During the Kirata era, a settlement called Yambu existed in the northern half of old Kathmandu. In some of the Sino-Tibetan languages , Kathmandu is still called Yambu.
Another smaller settlement called Yengal was present in the southern half of old Kathmandu, near Manjupattan.
During the reign of the seventh Kirata ruler, Jitedasti, Buddhist monks entered Kathmandu valley and established a forest monastery at Sankhu.
During this era, following the genocide of Shakyas in Lumbini by Virudhaka , the survivors migrated north and entered the forest monastery in Sankhu masquerading as Koliyas.
From Sankhu, they migrated to Yambu and Yengal Lanjagwal and Manjupattan and established the first permanent Buddhist monasteries of Kathmandu. This created the basis of Newar Buddhism , which is the only surviving Sanskrit-based Buddhist tradition in the world.
The city was surrounded by eight barracks guarded by Ajimas. One of these barracks is still in use at Bhadrakali in front of Singha Durbar.
The city served as an important transit point in the trade between India and Tibet, leading to tremendous growth in architecture. Descriptions of buildings such as Managriha, Kailaskut Bhawan, and Bhadradiwas Bhawan have been found in the surviving journals of travellers and monks who lived during this era.
For example, the famous 7th-century Chinese traveller Xuanzang described Kailaskut Bhawan, the palace of the Licchavi king Amshuverma.
The artistry of the Newar people—the indigenous inhabitants of the Kathmandu Valley—became highly sought after during this era, both within the Valley and throughout the greater Himalayas.
Newar artists travelled extensively throughout Asia, creating religious art for their neighbours. For example, Araniko led a group of his compatriot artists through Tibet and China.
Bhrikuti , the princess of Nepal who married Tibetan monarch Songtsän Gampo , was instrumental in introducing Buddhism to Tibet.
The Licchavi era was followed by the Malla era. Rulers from Tirhut , upon being attacked by Muslims , fled north to the Kathmandu valley.
They intermarried with Nepali royalty, and this led to the Malla era. The early years of the Malla era were turbulent, with raids and attacks from Khas and Turk Muslims.
There was also a devastating earthquake which claimed the lives of a third of Kathmandu's population, including the king Abhaya Malla.
These disasters led to the destruction of most of the architecture of the Licchavi era such as Mangriha and Kailashkut Bhawan , and the loss of literature collected in various monasteries within the city.
Despite the initial hardships, Kathmandu rose to prominence again and, during most of the Malla era, dominated the trade between India and Tibet. Nepali currency became the standard currency in trans-Himalayan trade.
During the later part of the Malla era, Kathmandu Valley comprised four fortified cities: Kantipur, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, and Kirtipur. These served as the capitals of the Malla confederation of Nepal.
These states competed with each other in the arts, architecture, aesthetics, and trade, resulting in tremendous development. The kings of this period directly influenced or involved themselves in the construction of public buildings, squares, and temples, as well as the development of waterspouts, the institutionalisation of trusts called guthis , the codification of laws, the writing of dramas, and the performance of plays in city squares.
Evidence of an influx of ideas from India, Tibet, China, Persia, and Europe among other places can be found in a stone inscription from the time of king Pratap Malla.
Books have been found from this era that describe their tantric tradition e. Tantrakhyan , medicine e.
Haramekhala , religion e. Mooldevshashidev , law, morals, and history. This marked the beginning of the modern era in Kathmandu.
Kathmandu was adopted as the capital of the Gorkha empire, and the empire itself was dubbed Nepal. During the early part of this era, Kathmandu maintained its distinctive culture.
Buildings with characteristic Nepali architecture, such as the nine-story tower of Basantapur, were built during this era.
However, trade declined because of continual war with neighbouring nations. Bhimsen Thapa supported France against Great Britain; this led to the development of modern military structures, such as modern barracks in Kathmandu.
The nine-storey tower Dharahara was originally built during this era. During this massacre, most of Nepal's high-ranking officials were massacred by Jang Bahadur Rana and his supporters.
Another massacre, the Bhandarkhal Massacre , was also conducted by Kunwar and his supporters in Kathmandu.
During the Rana regime, Kathmandu's alliance shifted from anti-British to pro-British; this led to the construction of the first buildings in the style of Western European architecture.
The first modern commercial road in the Kathmandu Valley, the New Road , was also built during this era. Trichandra College the first college of Nepal , Durbar School the first modern school of Nepal , and Bir Hospital the first hospital of Nepal were built in Kathmandu during this era.
Rana rule was marked by despotism, economic exploitation and religious persecution. Kathmandu is in the northwestern part of the Kathmandu Valley to the north of the Bagmati River and covers an area of To the north the urban area extends into several Village Development Committees.
However, the urban agglomeration extends well beyond the neighbouring municipalities, e. Kathmandu is dissected by eight rivers, the main river of the valley, the Bagmati and its tributaries, of which the Bishnumati , Dhobi Khola, Manohara Khola, Hanumante Khola, and Tukucha Khola are predominant.
The dominant tree species in this zone are oak , elm , beech , maple and others, with coniferous trees at higher altitude.
The green, vegetated slopes that surround the Kathmandu metro area light grey, image centre include both forest reserves and national parks. Kathmandu and adjacent cities are composed of neighbourhoods , which are utilised quite extensively and more familiar among locals.
However, administratively the city is divided into 32 wards, numbered from 1 to There is no officially defined agglomeration of Kathmandu.
The urban area of the Kathmandu valley is split among three different districts collections of local government units within a zone , which extend very little beyond the valley fringe, except towards the southern ranges, which have comparatively small population.
They have the three highest population densities in the country. Within these 3 districts lie VDCs villages , 20 municipalities and 2 metropolitan municipality maha-nagarpalika: The following data table describes these districts which likely would be considered an agglomeration:.
Five major climatic regions are found in Nepal. Under Köppen's climate classification , portions of the city with lower elevations have a humid subtropical climate Cwa , while portions of the city with higher elevations generally have a subtropical highland climate.
The average winter temperature is The city generally has a climate with warm days followed by cool nights and mornings. Rainfall has been recorded at about 1, millimetres The chart provides minimum and maximum temperatures during each month.
The annual amount of precipitation was 1, millimetres This was mostly due to the annual variation of the southwest monsoon. Air pollution is a major issue in Kathmandu.
Starting in early , the Nepali Government and US Embassy have monitored and publicly share real-time air quality data. The location and terrain of Kathmandu have played a significant role in the development of a stable economy which spans millennia.
The city is in an ancient lake basin, with fertile soil and flat terrain. This geography helped form a society based on agriculture.
This, combined with its location between India and China, helped establish Kathmandu as an important trading centre over the centuries. Kathmandu's trade is an ancient profession that flourished along an offshoot of the Silk Road which linked India and Tibet.
From centuries past, Lhasa Newar merchants of Kathmandu have conducted trade across the Himalaya and contributed to spreading art styles and Buddhism across Central Asia.
Kathmandu is the most important industrial and commercial centre in Nepal. The Nepal Stock Exchange , the head office of the national bank , the chamber of commerce , as well as head offices of national and international banks, telecommunication companies, the electricity authority, and various other national and international organisations are in Kathmandu.
Garments and woolen carpets are the most notable manufactured products. Tourism is considered another important industry in Nepal.
This industry started around , as the country's political makeup changed and ended the country's isolation from the rest of the world.
In , air transportation was established and the Tribhuvan Highway , between Kathmandu and Raxaul at India's border , was started. Separate organisations were created in Kathmandu to promote this activity; some of these include the Tourism Development Board, the Department of Tourism and the Civil Aviation Department.
Furthermore, Nepal became a member of several international tourist associations. Establishing diplomatic relations with other nations further accentuated this activity.
The hotel industry, travel agencies, training of tourist guides, and targeted publicity campaigns are the chief reasons for the remarkable growth of this industry in Nepal, and in Kathmandu in particular.
Since then, tourism in Nepal has thrived. It is the country's most important industry. Hindu and Buddhist pilgrims from all over the world visit Kathmandu's religious sites such as Pashupatinath , Swayambhunath , Boudhanath and Budhanilkantha.
Following the end of the Maoist insurgency, there was a significant rise of , tourist arrivals in Since then, tourism has improved as the country turned into the Democratic Republic.
In economic terms, the foreign exchange registered 3. The high level of tourism is attributed to the natural grandeur of the Himalayas and the rich cultural heritage of the country.
The neighbourhood of Thamel is Kathmandu's primary "traveller's ghetto", packed with guest houses, restaurants, shops, and bookstores, catering to tourists.
Another neighbourhood of growing popularity is Jhamel, a name for Jhamsikhel that was coined to rhyme with Thamel. Asan is a bazaar and ceremonial square on the old trade route to Tibet, and provides a fine example of a traditional neighbourhood.
With the opening of the tourist industry after the change in the political scenario of Nepal in , the hotel industry drastically improved.
The Municipality of Kathmandu was upgraded to incorporated in Metropolitan Kathmandu is divided into five sectors: For civic administration, the city is further divided into 35 administrative wards.
The Council administers the Metropolitan area of Kathmandu city through its elected representatives and 20 nominated members.
It holds biannual meetings to review, process and approve the annual budget and make major policy decisions. It also includes lists of development projects completed, on-going and planned, along with informative data about the cultural heritage, festivals, historical sites and the local inhabitants.
Ward 16 is the largest, with an area of Kathmandu is the headquarters of the surrounding Kathmandu District. According to the census, there are , households in the metropolitan city.
The Metropolitan Police is the main law enforcement agency in the city. It is headed by a commissioner of police. The fire service, known as the Barun Yantra Karyalaya , opened its first station in Kathmandu in with a single vehicle.
As a precautionary measure, firemen were sent to the areas which were designated as accident-prone areas. In , a fire service was established in Kathmandu airport.
There is a severe shortage of water for household purposes such as drinking, bathing, cooking and washing. People have been using mineral water bottle and mineral water tanks for all the purposes related to water.
Melamchi water supply project will deliver million litres per day of water by the end of There is no proper waste management in Kathmandu, so rubbish piles up on roads, pavements and in waterways.
Waste management may be through composting in municipal waste management units, and at houses with home composting units.
Both systems are common and established in India and neighbouring countries. Kathmandu's urban cosmopolitan character has made it the most populous city in Nepal, recording a population of , residents living in , households in the metropolitan area, according to the census.
Over the years the city has been home to people of various ethnicities, resulting in a range of different traditions and cultural practices.
In one decade, the population increased from , in to , in The population was projected to reach , in and 1,, by To keep up this population growth, the KMC-controlled area of 5, With this new area, the population density which was 85 in is still 85 in ; it is likely to jump to in and in The major languages are Nepali and Nepal Bhasa , while English is understood by many, particularly in the service industry.
The linguistic profile of Kathmandu underwent drastic changes during the Shah dynasty's rule because of its strong bias towards the Hindu culture. Sanskrit language therefore was preferred and people were encouraged to learn it even by attending Sanskrit learning centres in Terai.
Sanskrit schools were specially set up in Kathmandu and in the Terai region to inculcate traditional Hindu culture and practices originated from Nepal.
The ancient trade route between India and Tibet that passed through Kathmandu enabled a fusion of artistic and architectural traditions from other cultures to be amalgamated with local art and architecture.
The architectural treasure of the Kathmandu valley has been categorised under the well-known seven groups of heritage monuments and buildings. The seven monuments zones cover an area of hectares acres , with the buffer zone extending to 2, hectares 5, acres.
The literal meaning of Durbar Square is a "place of palaces". There are three preserved Durbar Squares in Kathmandu valley and one unpreserved in Kirtipur.
The Durbar Square of Kathmandu is in the old city and has heritage buildings representing four kingdoms Kantipur, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Kirtipur ; the earliest is the Licchavi dynasty.
The complex has 50 temples and is distributed in two quadrangles of the Durbar Square. The squares were severely damaged in the April Nepal earthquake.
Hanuman Dhoka is a complex of structures with the Royal Palace of the Malla kings and of the Shah dynasty. It is spread over five acres.
The eastern wing, with ten courtyards, is the oldest part, dating to the midth century. It was expanded by King Pratap Malla in the 17th century with many temples.
The royal family lived in this palace until when they moved to Narayanhiti Palace. The stone inscription outside is in fifteen languages.
Kumari Ghar is a palace in the centre of the Kathmandu city, next to the Durbar square where a Royal Kumari selected from several Kumaris resides.
Kumari, or Kumari Devi, is the tradition of worshipping young pre-pubescent girls as manifestations of the divine female energy or devi in South Asian countries.
In Nepal the selection process is very rigorous. Kumari is believed to be the bodily incarnation of the goddess Taleju the Nepali name for Durga until she menstruates, after which it is believed that the goddess vacates her body.
Serious illness or a major loss of blood from an injury are also causes for her to revert to common status.
The current Royal Kumari, Matina Shakya, age four, was installed in October by the Maoist government that replaced the monarchy.
Kasthamandap is a three-storeyed temple enshrining an image of Gorakhnath. It was built in the 16th century in pagoda style. The name of Kathmandu is a derivative of the word Kasthamandap.
It was built under the reign of King Laxmi Narsingha Malla. Kasthamandap stands at the intersection of two ancient trade routes linking India and Tibet at Maru square.
It was originally built as a rest house for travellers. However, a significant part of the temple was destroyed by Mughal invaders in the 14th century and little or nothing remains of the original 5th-century temple exterior.
The temple as it stands today was built in the 19th century, although the image of the bull and the black four-headed image of Pashupati are at least years old.
Believers in Pashupatinath mainly Hindus are allowed to enter the temple premises, but non-Hindu visitors are allowed to view the temple only from the across the Bagmati River.
This procedure is followed in other temples around India, which were sanctified by Adi Shankaracharya. The temple is built in the pagoda style of architecture, with cubic constructions and carved wooden rafters tundal on which they rest, and two-level roofs made of copper and gold.
It is a very popular tourist site. The base of the stupa has small depictions of the Dhyani Buddha Amitabha.
It is surrounded with a brick wall with niches, each with four or five prayer wheels engraved with the mantra, om mani padme hum.
The influx of many Tibetan refugees from China has seen the construction of over 50 Tibetan gompas monasteries around Boudhanath.
Swayambhu is a Buddhist stupa atop a hillock at the northwestern part of the city. This is among the oldest religious sites in Nepal. Although the site is considered Buddhist, it is revered by both Buddhists and Hindus.
The stupa consists of a dome at the base; above the dome, there is a cubic structure with the eyes of Buddha looking in all four directions.
Behind and above the torana there are thirteen tiers. Above all the tiers, there is a small space above which lies a gajur.
Ranipokhari which is translated as "Queen's Pond" is a historic artificial pond that nestled in the heart of Kathmandu. It was built by king Pratap Mall in AD for his beloved queen after she lost her son who couldn't recover from her loss.
Balgopaleshwor Temple stands still inside the temple above the pond. Rani Pokhari is opened once a year during the final day of Tihar i. Bhai Tika and Chhath festival.
The world largest Chhath takes place every year in Ranipokhari. The pond is one of Kathmandu's most famous landmarks and is known for its religious and aesthetic significance.
Kathmandu valley is described as "an enormous treasure house of art and sculptures", which are made of wood, stone, metal, and terracotta , and found in profusion in temples, shrines, stupas, gompas, chaityasm and palaces.
The art objects are also seen in street corners, lanes, private courtyards and in open ground. Most art is in the form of icons of gods and goddesses.
Kathmandu valley has had this art treasure for a very long time, but received worldwide recognition only after the country opened to the outside world in The religious art of Nepal and Kathmandu in particular consists of an iconic symbolism of the Mother Goddesses such as: These art and architectural edifices encompass three major periods of evolution: A broad typology has been ascribed to the decorative designs and carvings created by the people of Nepal.
These artists have maintained a blend of Hinduism and Buddhism. The typology, based on the type of material used are: Kathmandu is home to a number of museums and art galleries, including the National Museum of Nepal and the Natural History Museum of Nepal.
Nepal's art and architecture is an amalgamation of two ancient religions, Hinduism and Buddhhism. This amalgamation is also reflected in the planning and exhibitions in museums and art galleries throughout Kathmandu and its sister cities of Patan and Bhaktapur.
The museums display unique artefacts and paintings from the 5th century CE to the present day, including archaeological exportation. Kathmandu museums and art galleries include: The National Museum is in the western part of Kathmandu, near the Swayambhunath stupa in an historical building.
This building was constructed in the early 19th century by General Bhimsen Thapa. It is the most important museum in the country, housing an extensive collection of weapons, art and antiquities of historic and cultural importance.
Given its focus, the museum contains many weapons, including locally made firearms used in wars, leather cannons from the 18th—19th century, and medieval and modern works in wood , bronze , stone and paintings.
The Natural History Museum is in the southern foothills of Swayambhunath hill and has a sizeable collection of different species of animals, butterflies , and plants.
The museum is noted for its display of species, from prehistoric shells to stuffed animals. The Tribhuvan Museum contains artefacts related to the King Tribhuvan — It has a variety of pieces including his personal belongings, letters and papers, memorabilia related to events he was involved in and a rare collection of photos and paintings of Royal family members.
Like the Tribhuvan Museum, it includes his personal belongings such as decorations, stamps , coins and personal notes and manuscripts, but it also has structural reconstructions of his cabinet room and office chamber.
These museums include the Birendra museum, which contains items related to the second-last monarch, Birendra of Nepal. The enclosed compound of the Narayanhity Palace Museum is in the north-central part of Kathmandu.
Narayanhity was a new palace, in front of the old palace built in , and was built in in the form of a contemporary Pagoda.
It was built on the occasion of the marriage of King Birenda Bir Bikram Shah , then heir apparent to the throne.
The southern gate of the palace is at the crossing of Prithvipath and Darbar Marg roads. The palace area covers 30 hectares 74 acres and is fully secured with gates on all sides.
After the fall of the monarchy, it was converted to a museum. The Taragaon Museum presents the modern history of the Kathmandu Valley. The actual structure of the museum showcases restoration and rehabilitation efforts to preserve the built heritage of Kathmandu.
It was designed by Carl Pruscha master-planner of the Kathmandy Valley  in and constructed in The design uses local brick along with modern architectural design elements, as well as the use of circle, triangles and squares.
Kathmandu is a centre for art in Nepal, displaying the work of contemporary artists in the country and also collections of historical artists.
Patan in particular is an ancient city noted for its fine arts and crafts. Art in Kathmandu is vibrant, demonstrating a fusion of traditionalism and modern art, derived from a great number of national, Asian, and global influences.Footwear Brand Style Activity Accessories. The city is in an ancient lake basin, with fertile soil and flat terrain. The eastern wing, with ten courtyards, beste spiele the oldest part, dating to the midth hertha bsc gegen mainz 05 The lake was cut drained by Bodhisatwa Manjusri with his sword, and the water was evacuated out from there. Kirant Mundhum is one of the indigenous animistic practices of Nepal. Kathmandu also contains the Kaiser Library, in the Kaiser Mahal on the ground floor of the Ministry of Education building. From Sankhu, they migrated to Yambu Beste Spielothek in Maulbach finden Yengal Lanjagwal and Manjupattan and established the first permanent Buddhist monasteries of Kathmandu. Explorer Set Suitable for 8 years and older, the Explorer set includes everything your Kids need to explore the world around them. This activity has been further Beste Spielothek in Dettingen finden by establishing formal relationships with 8 other cities: The temple is built in the pagoda style ergebnisse der fußball bundesliga architecture, with cubic constructions and carved wooden joc gratis book of ra tundal on which they rest, and two-level roofs made of copper and gold. The Asa Archives are also noteworthy. Rulers from Tirhutupon being attacked by Muslimsfled north to the Kathmandu valley. It pioneered the production of low cost intraocular lenses IOLswhich are used in cataract surgery. Archaeological excavations in parts of Kathmandu have found evidence of ancient civilisations. During the runbet part of this era, Kathmandu maintained its distinctive culture.